Fatty liver disease, also known as hepatic steatosis, is a condition where there is excessive accumulation of fat around the liver cells.
The liver is the largest organ in human body. It detoxifies various metabolites, synthesizes proteins, and produces biochemicals necessary for digestion.In fatty liver, due to accumulation of fat in liver cells it causes liver to enlarge. Alcohol and obesity are two leading causes of fatty liver worldwide.
There is two types of fatty liver disease (steatohepatitis)
When these fat cells cause inflammation of the liver tissues, it’s called steatotic hepatitis and it is of notable concern. Both alcohol, as well as other conditions causing major biochemical changes in our bodies, can cause steatotic hepatitis. When this condition is due to reasons other than alcohol, it’s denoted by the term Non-Alcoholic Steatotic Hepatitis or more commonly as NASH.
Fatty liver when inflamed, can over a period of time cause scarring and fibrosis of the liver. This condition called cirrhosis is serious and has serious side-effects if left unchecked.
Fatty liver as is not a critical condition, its stages of development are divided into grades
Grade 1 and grade 2 of fatty liver can be controlled with proper medication and lifestyle management
For steatohepatitis, the cause is too much alcohol. You may be even more likely to get it if you drink a lot and
for NASH, it is more likely if:
You have type 2 diabetes
You have metabolic syndrome. This is a mix of conditions that make you more likely to get type 2 diabetes and heart disease.
With metabolic syndrome, you may have any three of these conditions:
With Steatohepatitis and NASH, there are usually no symptoms. Some people may develop signs such as tiredness or pain in the upper right side of the abdomen where your liver is located.
If you have NASH or develop cirrhosis, you may have symptoms such as:
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